1Cut back shrubs to prevent wind rock
Shrubs normally pruned hard in spring – such as Buddleja davidii, Cornus alba and Lavatera – can be cut back by half now, to prevent wind rock.
2Keep your garden clean
Garden hygiene is vital to help control and prevent disease. Rake up and NEVER compost infected leaves, such as black spot on roses, or scab on apples and pears.
3Take root cuttings
Root cuttings can be taken now and throughout winter. Papaver (perennial poppies), Verbascum (mullein) and Phlox are suitable examples.
4Clear dead foliage around ponds
Around ponds, remove the last of the dead foliage. You can still divide hardy waterlilies and cut back overgrown marginal plants.
5Protect borderline hardy perennials
Cover borderline hardy perennials, such as Euphorbia wulfenii, red-hot pokers and Gunnera with fleece sacks to protect them from the worst of any winter weather, especially if still young plants.