I grow tomatoes to fit my climate – dull and cool, so they go in the conservatory or greenhouse, all indeterminate, or cordon varieties, which need support.
The conservatory is narrow and tall, so I need tomatoes that match its dimensions.
Seedlings usually appear in 5-14 days (see below). Once they are through, give as much light as possible (I use a grow light) and grow on in cooler conditions.
When the first true leaves appear, prick out into individual pots (my favourite yoghurt/rice cartons). Plant into large pots, grow bags or greenhouse beds from April to May.
Provide support, pinching out side shoots regularly. Pinch out the main growing tip after 5-6 trusses have set.
Here are varieties I’ve grown over the past few years and how they did:
SUNCHOCOLA F1: Sweet, with a distinctive red/brown colour.
RED/YELLOW CURRANT: Grafted plants, a trial from Big Allotment Challenge Winner Rob Smith’s range from Dobies. He said: “It’s a different species from your common garden tomato and it’s hardly changed since it was found growing wild on a Peruvian beach in 1707. The plants are very disease resistant and can tolerate cooler temperatures. Each tiny tomato is crisp, and has a really intense, sweet/tart flavour.”
These did grow well out of doors and the flavour was great.
ORANGE PARUCHE F1: The high sugar content gives the fruit a superb flavour. A challenge to Sungold.
PINK CHARMER F1: Very vigorous, distinctive pink fruits, good flavour.
GREEN ZEBRA: ‘Modern heirloom’ type with dark green and yellow stripes. Newer variations blush reddish instead of yellow when ripe. It is more tart than regular tomatoes, and it is an early cultivar. Produces bigger fruit than a cherry at 3oz (75g). The ‘Marmite’ tomato – my family hated it, so naturally, it produced a huge crop.
CRIMSON CRUSH F1: The world’s first fully blight-resistant tomato, with large, round tomatoes (up to 8oz/200g). It’s bred for outdoors, but can be grown indoors too.
SUNCHERRY SMILE F1: Masses of wonderfully sweet red cherry fruits with very shiny skins.
A note: The F1 varieties cost a lot to produce, so are expensive and you’ll only get eight-15 seeds per packet. However, Green Zebra is not an F1 variety, so is much cheaper and has an average of 75 seeds per packet.
Potted guide: indoor tomatoes
SOWING TIME: January-March (only sow very early if you use grow lights). Sow 0.5cm (¼”) deep, thinly in a seed tray and cover with Vermiculite or Perlite, 15-20°C (60-68°F).
As well as my usual grow bag/ring culture pots in the conservatory, I have tried out some different methods of cultivation.
Lack of space: my conservatory is 30ft x 5ft – I have to shuffle through sideways when it’s full.
Light: The windowsill plants block the light to the staging, leading to a poorer crop and leggier plants.
The cold: I don’t grow tomatoes outside, as it’s not warm enough.
Aspirin: spraying a dilute solution of aspirin on to tomato plants (half a soluble tablet per litre of water) causes their sugar content to increase by 150 per cent and boosts Vitamin C by 50 per cent with a single spray.
Aspirin is a close chemical copy of the plant stress hormone, salicylic acid, which turns on the genes that regulate their defence systems, so more sugars are redirected to the developing fruit.
The flavour of the tomatoes was exceptionally good – I’m happy with the result.
Ring culture pot method
Growing on in ring culture pots: pure necessity here. The conservatory was packed with half-hardy plants in early May, so there was no chance of getting grow bags in.
I didn’t want to pot them on twice, especially as the first truss was forming, so I took my ring culture pots and started planting them up on a tile, then sliding them off it on to a gravel tray when finished.
It meant the tomatoes could grow on without disturbance, in good light and warmth, eventually moved into the greenhouse or permanent positions in the conservatory.
I saw James Wong at The Edible Garden Show talking about this in 2015 – an answer to my space prayers.
You stop the plants two or three leaves after the first truss has formed. The theory is you get bigger, sweeter tomatoes and the drop in yield is offset because you can cram more plants in.
In the space, I would have had three light-blocking large grow bags are 17 Gardener’s Delight plants in 18-19cm (7-7.5″ pots), which would have been wasted. The pot size is a guess, as you’re supposed to grow them in a bed.
So, how did it go? I got a reasonable crop out of 17 plants that would have been wasted, but it would have been better to use Orange Paruche or Rosella, which set bigger trusses.
These tomatoes didn’t block the light, leading to a bigger crop from the plants on the staging, and were finished by July, leaving an airy, uncramped conservatory for the first time ever. Recommended.
I grew five varieties – all cherries – here they are, in descending order.
Rosella in the greenhouse
Black Opal – tendency to split
Different stages of (un)ripeness of Green Zebra as someone’s been picking them too early!
1. Orange Paruche F1: top for quantity, taste, and length of the season. Better taste by far than Sungold (yes, really). Perfect balance of sweetness and acidity in a small cherry.
2. Rosella: a dark chocolate colour with green shoulders, this has a superb taste and is a big cropper, with huge trusses. Still producing fruit in the greenhouse in mid-October.
3. Pink Charmer: good taste, bigger fruit than the others and a heavy crop, but a tendency to split. Still a good buy.
4. Black Opal: great colour – unfortunately, makes the fruit harder to see and pick! Problem with fruits splitting. Flavour not as zingy as the others, but good for an interesting salad.
5. Gardener’s Delight: the old standby comes last for taste, although much better than shop-bought tomatoes, and reliable. Produced much bigger fruit, as expected, in the one-truss trial, but I’d have had a bigger crop growing more Orange Paruche or Rosella in this way.
The early aphid problem and fungus gnats in the grow bags were sorted by increasing the yellow sticky traps, so much better than last year.
The Dalefoot Composts mix was excellent in the greenhouse bed, holding water brilliantly and I didn’t go overboard on the feeding. A must – worth its weight in gold!
Mandy Watson is a freelance journalist, specialist gardening copywriter and plantaholic with roots firmly planted in working-class NE England. MandyCanUDigIt grew from the tiny seed of a Twitter account into this rainforest of information. Teesdale Mercury Magazine editor. Garden Media Guild and NUJ member. Mission statement: to make gardening more accessible to the often excluded - the less able, the hard-up or beginners. An advocate of gardening for better mental and physical health.